Paris has renamed three squares and one street, dedicating them to LGBT+ icons.
One square was named Place Des Emeutes De Stonewall (Stonewall Riots Square), in recognition of the uprising by New York’s LGBT+ community in response to a police raid at Greenwich Village’s Stonewall Inn.
A second square was dedicated to poet and Communist activist Ovida Delect, a French transgender woman who was deported to a German concentration camp during World War II for her work with the French Resistance.
Another was named after San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk, California’s first openly gay elected official, who was assassinated while in office.
Paris also renamed a street for gay Holocaust survivor Pierre Seel, who was interned in a German concentration camp because of his sexuality. After the war ended, he was forced to hide his sexual orientation, his past and the reason for his deportation for 44 years, before putting his name to an anonymous testimony in 1982. He then published his memoir, I, Pierre Seel, Deported Homosexual, in 1994.
The move to rename key places was recommended “to turn Paris into the capital of LGBTIQ rights and LGBTIQ-friendly tourism in the world.”
Plaques bearing the new names, in Paris’ 4th arrondissement, were unveiled, and in the renamed Stonewall Riots Square, a plaque commemorating Gilbert Baker, the American artist and LGBT+ activist who designed the rainbow flag, was installed.
Pierre Seel was a gay Holocaust survivor, who became an activist after his release from a German concentration camp.
Anne Hidalgo, mayor of Paris, wrote on Instagram, “With the inauguration of Harvey Milk Square, Ovida Delect Square, Stonewall Riots Square and Pierre Seel Street, Paris celebrates all #LGBTQI+ activists. #ParisIsProud and always will be!”
Behind many of our freedoms we take for granted today is someone who refused to take no for an answer.
Here are some of the most influential people who took that stand and helped bring about change. I’m sure you will have heard of most of them – but all have made an impact on society in their own way.
Marsha P Johnson
Marsha P Johnson’s legacy continues to be celebrated more than 25 years after her death.
RuPaul once said that Marsha P Johnson paved the way for all drag queens. It’s certainly a lot easier to ‘sashay away’ today thanks to her fighting spirit.
Marsha was a transgender activist and also a central figure in the Stonewall uprising of 1969, where members of the LGBT community rose up in protest against police raids on the bar of the same name in Christopher Street, New York. The protests ran for several nights and were the beginnings of the Gay Liberation Front, the protest group which organised the first Pride marches.
Johnson was also central to setting up a safe house for gay street kids in the early 1970s.
And the P in her name? Marsha always said it stood for ‘Pay it no mind’.
Sir Ian McKellen
Sir Ian McKellen combines an acting career with campaigning for gay rights.
Years before his X-Men and Lord of the Rings fame, Ian McKellen was well known as a gay rights campaigner.
In Britain in 1988, the divisive Section 28 became part of the Local Government Act. It banned any promotion or discussion of the LGBT lifestyle by local authorities, including within schools.
This prompted McKellen to come out during a radio debate on the bill. He went on to co-found the charity Stonewall in 1989 in direct opposition to Section 28 which the charity described as ‘legalised homophobia’.
Stonewall still campaigns for LGBT equality, running a recent campaign to stop homophobic bullying in schools.
Martina Navaratilova came out as gay three years after winning her first Wimbledon title.
With a record nine Wimbledon singles’ titles to her name, openly gay tennis player Martina Navratilova did a lot for LGBT visibility simply by being at the top of her game.
But the Czech-born star wanted to do more than that. She has long been involved in activism regarding gay rights. Most recently, she spoke out after fellow champion Margaret Court publicly opposed same-sex marriage and the trans community and claimed ‘tennis is full of lesbians’.
In an open letter, Navratilova wrote:
“Her vitriol is not just an opinion. She is actively trying to keep LGBT people from getting equal rights (note to Court: we are human beings, too).”
Harvey Milk was murdered in 1978 – less than a year after he took office.
This man’s achievements can’t be overstated. In 1977, he was the first openly gay man elected to public office in the US state of California, joining the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. His pride in simply being himself on a major civic platform was a turning point for the LGBT community.
Harvey Milk’s life was cut short just a year later when he was murdered by Dan White, one of his Town Hall colleagues.
Although he was in office for less than a year, he saw a law passed where gay people could not be discriminated against when applying for jobs or seeking employment. He also encouraged the San Francisco Police Department to recruit more LGBT officers. But his greatest achievement is considered to be successfully fighting Proposition 6, which attempted to ban gay teachers from working in California’s public schools, and fire staff who supported gay rights.
Barbara Gittings is seen as a pioneer in the gay rights movement.
She may not be a household name but Barbara Gittings has been described as the ‘mother of the LGBT civil rights movement’. Determined to create a space in 1950s America for gay women, she formed the Daughters of Bilitis in 1958, the country’s first organisation for lesbians.
Barbara didn’t stop there. As well as fighting discrimination against gay government employees, she was instrumental in amassing a collection of works related to LGBT life for the American Library Association.
Derek Jarman revolutionised the portrayal of the gay community in cinema.
In the 1970s, portrayals of the LGBT community on screen were rarely sympathetic. English film director Derek Jarman changed all that.
His 1976 film Sebastiane was groundbreaking in the way it portrayed positive gay relationships. His best-known works are the punk film Jubilee and Caravaggio, based on the life of the Italian painter and, again, told with strong gay themes. He also directed music videos for the Pet Shop Boys and The Sex Pistols.
Jarman campaigned against Section 28 and openly discussed his HIV+ status after his diagnosis in 1986. He died from an AIDS-related illness in 1994. His solo exhibition Queer was held at Manchester Art Gallery in 1992 and the new exhibition Protest! will open on 1 December 2021.